Over time, prominent scientists have researched and made groundbreaking discoveries in Graz.
The mathematician Paul Guldin discovered the Guldinus Theorem for calculating the volume of solids of revolution; national economist Joseph Schumpeter defined his “Theory of Economic Development”, and Alfred Wegener defined his Continental Drift Theory.
Historian Franz Krones, philosopher Alexius von Meinong (Theory of Objects) and teacher of Romance languages Hugo Schuchardt also belonged to the Masterminds of the University of Graz. Gerty Theresa Cori and her husband Carl Ferdinand, who worked at the University of Graz before 1922, discovered the mechanism by which glycogen is broken down into lactic acid, and were awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1947.
Ludwig Gumplowicz, pioneer of Sociology, worked for over 30 years in Graz. Hans Gross founded the world’s first Criminological Institute here and Ludwig Boltzmann published his most important papers on the development of statistical physics. The mathematician and physicist Ernst Mach wrote significant papers on the physiology of senses; Arnold Luschin wrote his fundamental book on Austrian history of law.
Among the researchers working in Graz were many Nobel laureates.
- Fritz Pregl (1923 Nobel laureate in Chemistry) more
- Julius Wagner von Jauregg (1927 Nobel laureate in Medicine)
- Erwin Schrödinger (1933 Nobel laureate in Physics)
- Otto Loewi (1936 Nobel laureate in Medicine)
- Victor F. Hess (1936 Nobel laureate in Physics)
- Karl von Frisch (1973 Nobel laureate in Medicine)
Nobel laureate in Literature Ivo Andrić (1882–1975) is one of the most famous graduates from the University of Graz. Bosnia-born Ivo Andrić received his doctor’s degree at the University of Graz in 1924. At that time he was Vice-consul of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In 1961, Ivo Andrić was awarded the Nobel prize in Literature “for the epical power with which he depicted motifs and destinies from the history of his country”.