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Roof parapet figures

The statues of eight outstanding historical scientists stand on the parapet of the roof of the Main Building: Aristotle, Hippocrates, St. Augustine, Leonardo da Vinci, Hugo Grotius, Immanuel Kant, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Isaac Newton.

1. Aristotle

Aristotle (384–322 BC) is one of the most well-known and influential philosophers in history. He was the founder of numerous disciplines and influenced others, such as epistemology, logic, biology, physics, ethics, poetics and politics. Aristotelianism was developed from his ideas.

2. St. Augustine

Augustine of Hippo, also known as Augustine from Thagaste, St. Austin or Aurelius Augustinus (345–430 AD) was one of the most significant Christian church fathers and an important philosopher on the threshold of Antiquity and the Middle Ages. First he was a rhetor in Thagaste, Carthage, Rome and Milan. He was bishop of Hippo Regius until his death in 395.

3. Grotius

Hugo Grotius (1583–1645) was a political philosopher, theologist, jurist and early Enlightener. Grotius is considered as one of the intellectual founding fathers of the idea of sovereignty, of the theory of natural law and of the international law of Enlightenment.

4. Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716) was a German philosopher and scientist, mathematician, diplomat, physicist, historian, politician, librarian and doctor of both laws in the early age of Enlightenment. He is regarded as a universal mind of his time and was one of the most significant philosophers of the late 17th and early 18th centuries as well as one of the most important forerunners of Enlightenment.

5. Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (1643–1727) was an English natural scientist and civil servant. In the language of his time, which did not sharply distinguish between natural theology, natural science and philosophy, Newton was regarded as a philosopher.

6. Kant

Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) was a German philosopher of Enlightenment. He is one of the most important representatives of occidental philosophy. His work “Critique of Pure Reason” marks a turning point in the history of philosophy and the beginning of modern philosophy.

7. da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) was a painter, sculptor, architect, anatomist, mechanic, engineer and natural philosopher. He is regarded as one of the most famous and renowned polymaths ever. Amongst his most famous works are “The Last Supper” and “Mona Lisa”.

8. Hippocrates

Hippocrates of Cos (c. 460–c. 370 BC) is considered to be the most famous physician of Antiquity. As a wandering physician, he presumably travelled far and wide throughout Greece and Asia Minor.


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