Get in touch with us ...
DIPS Graz
University of Graz
HomeResearchStaffCooperationsTeachingLinks

deutsch > deutsch / german english < english

 

Focus of Research

The section of Differential Psychology deals with different facets of giftedness, aptitude or talent from a neuroscientific perspective (supported by the “Fonds zur Förderung wissenschaftlicher Forschung”, FWF).

In this context, we build up on our former research projects dealing with physiological correlates of cognitive intelligence which have produced valuable insights into possible bases of individual differences in human intellectual abilities. However, recently, more and more emphasis is being laid on a broader and more comprehensive ability concept that not only focuses on “classical” intellectual abilities such as reasoning or logical-analytic thinking but includes free associative, divergent thinking processes (such as creativity), social, emotional and practical abilities as well.

On the basis of psychometric measurement methods specifically designed to assess different facets of social and emotional competencies as well as facets of practical intelligence we seek to explore neurophysiological correlates of different facets of human abilities. In our own EEG laboratory, high-resolution EEG with up to 64 channels is used to study spatio-temporal patterns of cortical activation during rest and performance of different cognitive tasks.

Differential Psychology ...

... studies measurable differences between individuals in psychological variables.

Individual Differences

AFTER WORK - Führungskräfteforum - TU (german)

Kann man Intelligenz trainieren? - Gehirn und Geist (German)

Book Announcement

    Intelligenz - Große Unterschiede und ihre Folgen

    Buchcover

    Warum wir nicht alle gleich intelligent sind

    Inwieweit Intelligenz erblich ist, wird in der Öffentlichkeit immer wieder heftig diskutiert. Aus wissenschaftlicher Sicht steht jedoch fest, dass es genetisch bedingte Unterschiede gibt. Allerdings wird das Potenzial, das jeder Mensch mitbringt, erst wirksam, wenn es in Familie und Schule nach besten Möglichkeiten gefördert wird.

    In ihrem neuen Buch erklären die renommierten Intelligenzforscher Elsbeth Stern und Aljoscha Neubauer, wie es zu Intelligenz- und Begabungsunterschieden kommt, wie man Intelligenz messen kann, woran man überdurchschnittlich begabte Menschen erkennt und wie man Intelligenz fördert. Sie stellen klar: Intelligenz ist eine individuelle Ressource, die man nur in der Gemeinschaft entwickeln kann. Und: Wir haben Begabte nötiger denn je, hängt der Erfolg unserer Informations- und Wissensgesellschaft doch maßgeblich von ihnen ab.

Information for participants in current research projects ...
  • Research Project Neurale Effizienz, Intelligenz und Motivation (NEMO)
  • Research Project Ontologie- und Persönlichkeitsmodell basierter Abgleich von Bewerbungsprofilen und Stellenangeboten zur Effizienzsteigerung (OntoJob)
  • Research Project Neural effizientes Mathematiklernen in der Adoleszenz (NEMAT)

 

Current Scientific Publications / Presence in the Media [more ...]
What's new ...

Benedek, M., Beaty, R., Jauk, E., Koschutnig, K., Fink, A., Silvia, P.J., Dunst, B., & Neubauer, A.C. (in press). Creating Metaphors: The Neural Basis of Figurative Language Production. NeuroImage.

Benedek, M., Jauk, E., Sommer, M., Arendasy, M., & Neubauer, A.C. (2014). Intelligence, creativity, and cognitive control: The common and differential involvement of executive functions in intelligence and creativity. Intelligence, 46, 73-83.

Fink, A. & Benedek, M. (in press). EEG Alpha power and creative ideation. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.

Bergner, S., Saurugg, J., & Neubauer, A.C. (in press). Competence meets trait: Eine Konzeptanalyse zur inhaltlichen Überschneidung von Berufskompetenzen und psychologischen Eigenschaftskonstrukten. Wirtschaftspsychologie.

Neubauer, A.C., & Opriessnig, S. (2014). Der Talente Check: Ein Begabungsscreening schreibt Geschichte. Journal für Begabtenförderung, 1, 7-14.

Dunst, B., Benedek, M., Jauk, E., Bergner, S., Koschutnig, K., Sommer, M., Ischebeck, A., Spinath, B., Arendasy, M., Bühner, M., Freudenthaler, H., & Neubauer, A.C. (2014). Neural efficiency as a function of task demands. Intelligence, 42, 22-30.

Benedek, M., Jauk, E., Fink, A., Koschutnig, K., Reishofer, G., Ebner, F., & Neubauer, A.C. (2014). To create or to recall? Neural mechanisms underlying the generation of creative new ideas. NeuroImage, 88, 125-133.

Jauk, E., Benedek, M., & Neubauer, A.C. (2014). The Road to Creative Achievement: A Latent Variable Model of Ability and Personality Predictors. European Journal of Personality, 28(1), 95-105.

Stern, E., & Neubauer, A.C. (2013). Intelligenz - Große Unterschiede und ihre Folgen. München: DVA.

Neubauer, A.C. & Bergner, S. (2013). Intelligenz und Kreativität. In W. Sarges (Hrsg.) "Management Diagnostik" 4. überarbeitete Neuauflage, Göttingen: Hogrefe

Neubauer, A.C. (2013). Intelligence and academic achievement - with a focus on the actiotope model of giftedness. In S.N. Phillipson, H. Stoeger & A. Ziegler (Eds.) Exceptionality in East Asia. Explorations in the actiotope model of giftedness. Verlag: Routledge

Jauk, E., Benedek, M., Dunst, B., & Neubauer, A. C. (2013). The relationship between intelligence and creativity: New support for the threshold hypothesis by means of empirical breakpoint detection. Intelligence, 41,, 212-221.

Benedek, M., & Neubauer, A. C. (2013). Revisiting Mednick's model on creativity-related differences in associative hierarchies. Evidence for a common path to uncommon thought. Journal of Creative Behavior, 47(4), 273-289.

Benedek, M., Mühlmann, C., Jauk, E., & Neubauer, A. C. (2013). Assessment of divergent thinking by means of the subjective top-scoring method: Effects of the number of top-ideas and time-on-task on reliability and validity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 7(4), 341-349.

Dunst, B., Benedek, M., Bergner, S., Athenstaedt, U., & Neubauer, A.C. (2013). Sex differences in neural efficiency: Are they due to to the stereotype threat effect? Personality and Individual Differences, 55, 744-749.

Stern, E., & Neubauer, A.C. (2013). Natura via Nurture. Warum eine Universität für alle niemandem nützt: Intelligenzunterschiede lassen sich nicht reduzieren. Forschung & Lehre, 8.

Neubauer, A.C., & Opriessnig, S. (2012). Begabung, Talent und Leistungsstreben. Wie kann Österreich im globalen Wettbewerb bestehen? In Wirtschaftspolitische Blätter. Jugend, Familie und Generationen, 59. Jahrgang, Verlag Manz

Neubauer, A.C. (2012). Intelligence, Learning and Neural Plasticity. Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning (Part 9, pp. 1593-1598) Verlag Springer

Ziegler, E., Stern, E. & Neubauer, A.C. (2012). Kompetenzen aus der Perspektive der Kognitionswissenschaften und der Lehr- Lernforschung. In "Kompetenzorientiertes Unterrichten in der Schule" (S. 14 - 26) Deutschland: Beltz

Neubauer, A.C., Bergner, S. & Felfe, J. (2012). Das Leadership Judgement Inventar. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Benedek, M., & Neubauer, A. C. (in press). Revisiting Mednick's model on creativity-related differences in associative hierarchies. Evidence for a common path to uncommon thought. Journal of Creative Behavior.

Lipp, I., Benedek, M., Fink, A., Koschutnig, K., Reishofer, G., Bergner, S., Ischebeck, A., Ebner, F., & Neubauer, A.C. (2012). Investigating neural efficiency in the visuo-spatial domain: an fMRI study. PLOSone, 7(12): e51316. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051316

Benedek, M., Könen, T., & Neubauer, A. C. (2012). Associative abilities underlying creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, Advance Online Publication.doi:10.1037/a0027059), 273-281.

Benedek, M., Franz, F., Heene, M. & Neubauer, A.C. (2012). Differential effects of cognitive inhibition and intelligence on creativity. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(4), 480-485.

Jauk, E., Benedek, M. & Neubauer, A. C. (2012). Tackling creativity at its roots: Evidence for different patterns of EEG alpha activity related to convergent and divergent modes of task processing. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 84, 219-225.

Bergner, S. & Neubauer, A.C. (2011). Sex and training differences in mental rotation: A behavioral and neurophysiological comparison of gifted achievers, gifted underachievers and average intelligent achievers. High Ability Studies, 22, 155-177.

Benedek, M., Bergner, S, Könen, T., Fink, A., & Neubauer, A. C. (2011). EEG alpha synchronization is related to top-down control in convergent and divergent thinking. Neuropsychologia, 49, 3505-3511.

Bergner, S., Neubauer, A.C. & Kreuzthaler, A. (2010). Broad and Narrow Personality Measures for Predicting Managerial Success. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 19, 177-199.

Neubauer, A.C. (2010). Intelligenz und Kreativität aus Sicht der modernen Gehirnforschung. Report Psychologie, 7/8, 322-332.

Neubauer, A.C., Bergner, S. & Schatz, M. (2010). Two- vs. three-dimensional presentation of mental rotation tasks: Sex differences and effects of training on performance and brain activation. Intelligence, 38, 529-539.

Spinath, B., Freudenthaler H.H. & Neubauer, A.C. (2010). Domain-specific school achievement in boys and girls as predicted by intelligence, personality and motivation. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 481-486.

Neubauer, A.C. & Fink, A. (2009 ). Intelligence and Neural efficiency. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 33, 1004-1023.

Fink, A., Grabner, R.H., Benedek, M., Reishofer, G., Hauswirth, V., Fally, M., Neuper, C., Ebner, F. & Neubauer, A.C. (2009). The creative brain: Investigation of brain activity during creative problem solving by means of EEG and fMRI. Human Brain Mapping, 30, 734-748.

Freudenthaler, H.H., Spinath, B. & Neubauer, A.C. (2008). Predicting school achievement in boys and girls. European Journal of Personality, 22, 231-245.

Neubauer, A. & Stern, E. (2007). Lernen macht intelligent – Warum Begabung gefördert werden muss. München: DVA.

Get in touch with us ... Legal Notice How to find us ... DIPS Graz Department of Psychology, University of Graz University of Graz